|___Haiku is a fixed verse form of 17 syllables arranged
in a 5-7-7 pattern.
___Basho MATSUO, in the middle of the Edo period
(late 17th century), gave independent life
to the hokku (opening verse) of the haikairenga (linked verse), and established it as an
art form dealing with life and nature, using
aesthetic values such as the austere elegance
called sabi, shiori, in which there is a natural expression
of delicate beauty, and karumi, which seeks a refined interest in plain
___A feature of haiku is inclusion of a "season
word", referring to an animal, plant,
event or custom of the season. For example,
the season word sumireso (violets) will bring to mind the warmth of
spring and violets in bloom along a mountain
path. Thus, breadth and depth is given to
haiku, the shortest of poems.
___Haiku gives an objective, fleeting picture
of its subject. As it is impossible to depict
an actual scene in detail, it is necessary
to abbreviate to the essentials, and the
season word is one such abbreviation.